Participating in nigerian politics (1)

With Focus Adegbami

The election season is here. It is another opportunity to determine who will represent you and I for the next four years. Who will implement policies, ensure economic growth, innovation, improve the public sector and infrastructure, improve security and free flow of money in the country.

I am sure you read that first paragraph with either a smirk on your face or a deep throated laughter. Or perhaps in disgust at how almost impossible it seems in Nigeria. Well, this is another election period to try again.

Today, in the first part of my Election series, I will be talking about ward politics which is technically a fourth tier of government if you ask me, your Ward Chairman and why you and I need to participate in ward politics.

Let’s get into it. I promise I won’t bore you.

Nigeria is a federal entity operating a three tier system of government – federal, state and local government. Nigeria at the local government level presently has 774 local governments. Each local government area is managed by a Local Government Council which is headed by a chairman who is the Chief Executive of the LGA.

These 774 local governments are by virtue of section 104 (2) of the Electoral Act 2010 further divided into a minimum of 10 and a maximum of 20 Wards depending on the size of the state.  The boundaries of each ward is determined by the number of inhabitants of the electoral ward which should be as nearly equal to the population quota expected of each ward.


The idea behind ward creation rests on the principle of Rural Representation at the grassroots level and for electoral and administrative purposes.

Who heads a ward?

Section 104(2) of the Electoral Act 2010 creates the office of the Councilor of a ward. A Councilor is an elected member of a Ward and forms part of the Legislative arm of the Local Government Council. Councilors are elected for a period of two years. A Councilor reports directly to the Local Government Area.

A ward is the lowest level of political participation in a country. It involves the participation of citizens (you and I) in grassroots politics. When there are societal issues affecting a particular community falling under your ward, it is only appropriate that you report to your Ward Councilor first who will in turn discuss such matters at the Local Government Legislative Council Meeting.  Societal issues such as lack of primary health centers, poor drainage systems, absence of pipe-borne water, renovation of public schools, security issues in community etc.

Who qualifies as a councilor?

Section 106 of the Electoral Act 2010 states the qualification of a councilor to wit:

  1. He is a citizen of Nigeria
  2. He is a registered voter
  3. He has attained the age of 25 years
  4. He is educated up to at least the School Certificate level or its equivalent
  5. He is a member of a political party and is sponsored by that party.

A person is disqualified from contesting as a councilor if he is adjudged to be a lunatic, bankrupt, has voluntarily acquired the citizenship of another country, he is a member of a secret society etc.

Roles of a Ward Councilor

A councilor’s primary role is to represent his ward and the people who live in it. A Councilor serves as the bridge between the community and the local government council. Responsibilities of a Councilor includes:

  1. Identify community needs, set targets and action plans to achieve these needs, set priorities between varying competing demands and allocation of resources.
  2. As a legislative member of local government area, a councilor has the duty of giving feedback to the members of a ward the decisions of the LGA affecting them
  3. Review the policies and action plans of the council to ensure that they are in the best interest of members of his ward
  4. Represent the views of ward members at Local Government council meetings.
  5. Actively attend Council meetings and other committee meetings they belong to.
  6. Actively participate in deliberations during the LGA Council meetings on approval and passage of Local Government Bye-Laws, Local Government annual budget estimates, debates and the decision making process of the council.
  7. Monitor and supervise the execution of projects in their wards.
  8. Maintaining peace and security in their wards.

How to be a Ward Member

To participate in ward meetings, you need to be a Card carrying member of a political party in Nigeria. To be a card carrying member, you must have registered for your voter’s card at any accredited INEC Office (As an aside, have you gotten your voters card? Or you are still chilling because you feel 2022 and 2023 is far away. Nope! That’s four months away)

As a Ward member, you are expected to attend ward meetings, contribute by making submissions, demand for accountability and high performance.


In any event your councilor is incompetent, he or she can be recalled by virtue of section 116 of the Electoral Act if

  1. There is a Petition before the Chairman of the Electoral Commission signed by not less than ½ of persons eligible and registered to vote in that ward alleging their loss of confidence in the Councilor.
  2. Within 90 days after the receipt of the Petition, the Electoral Commission will conduct a Referendum by Simple Majority of votes of persons registered to vote in that ward.

Focus Adebgbami is a Nigerian lawyer and a volunteer with YNAG. She writes from Ile-Ife

4 thoughts on “Participating in nigerian politics (1)”

  1. Focus. Your breakdown of the deep reaching concept was pivotal in my understanding of it.

    In addition, as your post has rightly made clear, we need to contribute to making the Nigerian political framework actionable; most especially from our ward level.

    Again, thanks for this.

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